2020 Webinar 

Hiroshimashi and Nagasakishi:

Never Forgotten

In Japanese, adding 'shi' means 'about'

2020 Webinar

Hibakusha

Guest Speaker:

Terumi Tanaka - san

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Biography

Terumi Tanaka was born on April 29, 1932. At age 13, he experienced the Nagasaki A-bomb while inside his house located 3.2 kilometers from the blast center. He lost five of his family members all at once. In the field, he cremated his aunt, who received severe burns and only survived a few days.

In 1960. Mr. Tanaka graduated from the Science University of Tokyo. He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Engineering by Tohoku University in 1995. Presently, he is a retired professor.

 

Since 1974, Mr. Tanaka has contributed to the Hibakusha movement advocating for the abolition of nuclear weapons and for state compensation for damages caused by the Nagasaki and Hiroshima bombings. He participated in the first Special Session devoted to Disarmament (SSOD) at the United Nations 1978. Subsequently, he joined other meetings at the U.N. including the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NTP) review conference. He has visited other countries telling the truth about the devastation from the bombings. After working as Secretary General of the Japan Confederation of A and H-bomb Suffers Organizations (Nihan Hidankyo) for 20 years, he became co-chairman of Hidankyo in 2017.

 

 

 

Topics

"Values and Memories"

The memories, historical narratives, and visual representations of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki affect our collective memory of war and peace. Shared global events and experiences, defined by media, politics, and world leaders, shape our identities and values. This talk will consider the experiences of the living Japanese Hibakusha who survived the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and compare Japanese and American perceptions of the atomic bomb. 

"Radioactive Remediation"

Creation of the first atomic weapons in the United States mobilized a network of research laboratories, testing grounds, industrial facilities, and waste dumping sites in what became collectively known as the Manhattan Project. Although the weapons were deployed in Japan with devastating effect, lasting damage and radiological hazard was also spread across the United States as a result of the development of these weapons. In 1974, the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) was created under the US Army Corps of Engineers to contain and remediate radiological hazards associated with Manhattan Project legacy sites. Now 75 years later, questions still remain as to what constitutes sufficient environmental remediation and safety at these sites from a public health perspective. This presentation examines the politics and controversy of epidemiological and public health assessment of Manhattan Project legacy contamination, given the need to balance safety with technical, scientific, and economic feasibilities for remediation.

"Living in a Radioactive World"

This presentation outlines the basic principles and physical properties of ionizing radiation as a critical dimension of the human species’ physical world. It reveals the surprising dimensions, natural balances, and connectivity of ionizing radiation in and between the human, planetary, and cosmic environments. It examines ionizing radiation's interactions at the biological level, its effects on health, its use in medicine, and the paramount public policy paradox: concomitantly causing harm and benefit. The implications for human health from technological trends that are increasing the quantity and frequency of radiation exposure to all humans through the nuclear fields of energy production, space exploration, military applications, and medicine will be considered.

"New Nuclear Arms Race: Should we be concerned?"

Humankind narrowly escaped the Cold War without global nuclear annihilation. After several decades of relative stability, the world again faces the possibility of conflict between nuclear- armed states. Nine nations possess nuclear weapons, and all of them have begun a modernization program of their warheads and delivery platforms. Russia and China are asserting themselves economically and militarily on the world stage and have been unabashedly clear that their goal is a revision of the post-Cold War dominance of the West. The return to a new period of Great Power competition has been acknowledged by the Trump administration. History shows that when a ruling power is challenged by a rising power the most likely outcome is war. But what does war mean when both powers are nuclear powers? Most people are unaware or have purposefully forgotten that the nuclear arsenals of the world are ready and able to destroy civilization in less than 30 minutes. But whether we are aware or not, the doomsday clock is ticking with just 100 seconds to midnight. 

"Survival Lessons"

What remained of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 foretells the unfathomable destruction of World War III. Although visions of doom may weigh upon our hope for surviving this cataclysm, survival is possible. However, this outcome will only be realized by those people who have acquired knowledge of the nature of the enhanced radiation environment created by nuclear weapons, made preparation in advance to confront the challenges of this environment, and who have developed the fortitude to struggle to protect themselves and their loved ones. While reflecting on the tragedy in Japan, this lecture will introduce the hazards of the radioactive environment and the etiology of Acute Radiation Syndrome. It will then outline the necessary steps that a survivor must make, in advance of the disaster, to remain alive.

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